Steve Smith's Memory Publications


Glenberg, A.M., Smith, S.M., & Green, C. (1977). Type I rehearsal: Maintenance and more. Journal of Verbal Learning & Verbal Behavior, 16, 339-352.

Smith, S.M., Glenberg, A.M., & Bjork, R.A. (1978). Environmental context and human memory. Memory & Cognition, 6, 342-353.

Smith, S.M. (1979). Remembering in and out of context. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning & Memory, 5, 460-471.

Glenberg, A.M., & Smith, S.M. (1981). Spacing repetitions and solving problems are not the same. Journal of Verbal Learning & Verbal Behavior, 20, 110-119.

Smith, S.M. (1982). Enhancement of recall using multiple environmental contexts during learning. Memory & Cognition, 10, 405-412.

Smith, S.M., & Rothkopf, E.Z. (1984). Contextual enrichment and distribution of practice in the classroom. Cognition & Instruction, 1, 341-358.

Smith, S.M. (1984). A comparison of two techniques for reducing context-dependent forgetting. Memory & Cognition, 12, 477-482.

Smith, S.M. (1985). Environmental context and recognition memory reconsidered. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 23, 173-176.

Smith, S.M. (1985). Background music and context-dependent memory. American Journal of Psychology, 98, 591-603.

Smith, S.M. (1985). A method for teaching name mnemonics. Teaching of Psychology, 12, 156-158.

Smith, S.M. (1985). Effects of number of study environments and learning instructions on free recall clustering and accuracy. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 23, 440-442.

Smith, S.M. (1986). Environmental context-dependent recognition memory using a short-term memory task for input. Memory & Cognition, 14, 347-354.

Smith, S.M., Vela, E., & Williamson, J. (1988). Shallow input processing does not induce environmental context-dependent recognition. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 26, 537-540.

Smith, S.M. (1988). Environmental context-dependent memory. In G. Davies and D. Thomson (Eds.) Memory in context: Context in memory, New York: Wiley, p. 13-33.

Smith, S.M., Heath, F.R., & Vela, E. (1990). Environmental context-dependent homophone spelling. American Journal of Psychology, 103, 229-242.

Rosen, D.H., Smith. S.M., Huston, H.L., & Gonzalez, G. (1991). Empirical study of associations between universal symbols and their meanings: evidence of collective unconscious (archetypal) memory. Journal of Analytical Psychology, 36, 211-228.

Smith, S.M., & Vela, E. (1991). Incubated reminiscence effects. Memory & Cognition, 19 (2), 168-176.

Smith, S.M., & Vela, E. (1992). Environmental context-dependent eyewitness recognition. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 6, 125-139.

Smith, S.M. (1994). Theoretical principles of context-dependent memory. In P. Morris and M. Gruneberg (Eds.) Aspects of memory (2nd edition): Theoretical aspects. Routledge Press, p. 168-195.

Smith, S.M. (1995). Mood is a component of mental context: Comment on Eich (1995). Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 124, 309-310.

Smith, S.M., & Tindell, D.R. (1997). Memory blocks in word fragment completion caused by involuntary retrieval of orthographically similar primes. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 23(2), 355-370.

Smith, S.M., Ward, T.B., Tindell, D.R., Sifonis, C.M., & Wilkenfeld, M.J. (2000). Effects of category structure on created memories. Memory and Cognition, 28, 386-395.

Smith, S.M., Tindell, D.R., Pierce, B.H., Gilliland, T.R., & Gerkens, D.R. (2001). Source memory failure in episodic confusion errors. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory & Cognition, 27, 362-374.

Smith, S.M., & Vela, E. (2001). Environmental context-dependent memory: A review and meta-analysis. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 8, 203-220.

Smith, S. M., Gerkens, D. R., Pierce, B. H., and Choi, H. (2002). The roles of associative responses at study and semantically guided recollection at test in false memory: The Kirkpatrick and Deese hypotheses. Journal of Memory and Language, 47 (3), 436-447.

Smith, S.M., Gleaves, D.H., Pierce, B.H., Williams, T., Gilliland, T.R., & Gerkens, D.R. (2003). Comparing recovered memories with created ones: An experimental approach. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 16, 1-29.

Gerkens, D. R., & Smith, S. M. (2004). Shifting modality between study and test: A fuzzy-trace theory analysis. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review.

Gleaves, D. H., Smith, S. M., Butler, L. D., & Spiegel, D. (2004). False and recovered memories in the laboratory and clinic: A review of experimental and clinical evidence. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice.

Choi, H., & Smith, S. M. (2005). Incubation and the Resolution of Tip-of-the-Tongue States.

Barnhardt, T.M., Choi, H., Gerkens, D. R., & Smith, S. M. (2006). Output position and word relatedness effects in a DRM paradigm: Support for a dual-retrieval process theory of free recall and false memories.

Smith, S. M. (2006). Resolving repression: Commentary on M. H. Erdelyi. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 29 (5), pp. 534-535.

Smith, S. M. (2007). Context and human memory. In H. L. Roediger, III, Y. Dudai, and S. M. Fitzpatrick (Eds.) Science of Memory: Concepts, Oxford University Press, pp. 111-114.

Smith, S. M., & Gleaves, D. H. (2007). Recovered memories. In M. P. Toglia, J. D. Read, D. F. Ross, & R. C. L. Lindsay (Eds.) The Handbook of Eyewitness Psychology, Volume I: Memory for Events, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates: Mahwah, New Jersey, pp. 299-320.

Smith, S. M., & Moynan, S. C. (2008). Forgetting and recovering the unforgettable. Psychological Science, 19 (5), pp. 462-468.

Smith, S. M., & Manzano, I. (2010). Video context-dependent memory. Behavior Research Methods, 42 (1), pp. 292-301.

Handy, J. D., & Smith, S. M. (2012). Triggering memory recovery: Effects of direct and incidental cuing. Consciousness and Cognition, 21(4), 1711-1724.

Smith, S. M., Handy, J. D., Angello, G., and Manzano, I. (2014). Effects of similarity on environmental context cueing. Memory, 22(5), 493-508, doi:10.1080/09658211.2013.800553

Smith, S. M. (2014). Effects of environmental context on human memory. In T. J. Perfect and D. S. Lindsay (Ed.s) Sage handbook of applied memory, Sage Publications: London, UK, pp 162-182.

Smith, S. M. & Handy, J. D. (2014). Effects of varied and constant environmental contexts on acquisition and retention, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition.