Steve Smith's Creative Cognition Publications


Smith, S.M., & Blankenship, S.E. (1989). Incubation effects. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society, 27, 311-314.

Jansson, D.G., & Smith, S.M. (1991). Design fixation. Design Studies, 12 (1), 3-11.

Smith, S.M., & Blankenship, S.E. (1991). Incubation and the persistence of fixation in problem solving. American Journal of Psychology, 104, 61-87.

Smith, S.M., & Vela, E. (1991). Incubated reminiscence effects. Memory & Cognition, 19 (2), 168-176.

Finke, R.A., Ward, T.B., & Smith, S.M. (1992). Creative Cognition: Theory, Research, and Applications, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Smith, S.M., Ward, T.B., & Schumacher, J.S. (1993). Constraining effects of examples in a creative generation task. Memory & Cognition, 21, 837-845.

Smith, S.M. (1994). Getting into and out of mental ruts: A theory of fixation, incubation, and insight. In R. Sternberg & J. Davidson (Eds.) The nature of insight, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, p. 121-149.

Smith, S.M., Ward, T.B., & Finke, R.A. (1995). The Creative Cognition Approach. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Ward, T.B., Finke, R.A., and Smith, S.M. (1995). Creativity and the Mind: Discovering the Genius Within. New York: Plenum Press.

Smith, S.M. (1995). Creative cognition: Demystifying creativity. In C.N. Hedley, P. Antonacci, and M. Rabinowitz (Eds.) The Mind at Work in the Classroom: Literacy & Thinking, Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, p. 31-46.

Smith, S.M., Ward, T.B., & Finke, R.A. (1995). Cognitive processes in creative contexts. In S.M. Smith, T.B. Ward, & R.A. Finke (Eds.) The creative cognition approach, Cambridge: MIT Press, p. 1-7.

Smith, S.M. (1995). Fixation, incubation, and insight in memory, problem solving, and creativity. In S.M. Smith, T.B. Ward, & R.A. Finke (Eds.) The creative cognition approach, Cambridge: MIT Press, p. 135-155.

Smith, S.M., Ward, T.B., & Finke, R.A. (1995). Principles, paradoxes, and prospects for the future of creative cognition. In S.M. Smith, T.B. Ward, & R.A. Finke (Eds.) The creative cognition approach, Cambridge: MIT Press, p. 327-335.

Ward, T.B., Smith, S.M. & Vaid, J. (1997). Creative Thought: An Investigation of Conceptual Structures and Processes. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association Books.

Ward, T.B., Smith, S.M. & Vaid, J. (1997). Conceptual structures and processes in creative thought. In T.B. Ward, S.M. Smith, & J. Vaid (Eds.) Creative thought: An investigation of conceptual structures and processes. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association Books.

Smith, S.M. (1997). The machinery of creative thinking. Innovative Leader, Madison, WI.

Levy, W.B., Smith, S.M., & Sifonis, C.M. (1998). Internally generated remindings and hippocampal recapitulations. Proceedings of the Twentieth Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, Madison, WI.

Smith, S.M., Sifonis, C.M., & Tindell, D.R. (1998). Hints do not evoke solutions via passive spreading activation. Proceedings of the Twentieth Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, Madison, WI.

Allen, C.F., Sifonis, C.M., & Smith, S.M. (1998). Tests of Remote Association. Proceedings of the Twentieth Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, Madison, WI.

Ward, T.B., Smith, S.M., & Finke, R.A. (1999). Creative cognition. In R. Sternberg (Ed.) Handbook of Creativity, New York: NY, Cambridge University Press.

Smith, S.M. & Ward, T.B. (1999). The evolution of creativity. In D.H. Rosen, R. Gardner, & M. Luebbert (Eds.) Evolution of the Psyche. Westport, CA: Greenwood Publishing Group (Praeger).

Smith, S.M., & Dodds, R.A. (1999). Incubation. In M.A. Runco & Pritzker (Eds.) Encyclopedia of Creativity, San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Dodds, R.A., & Smith, S.M. (1999). Fixation. In M.A. Runco & Pritzker (Eds.) Encyclopedia of Creativity, San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Smith, D.K., Paradice, D.B., & Smith, S.M. (2000). Prepare your mind for creativity. Communications of the Association for Computing Machinery , 43, 110-116.

Dodds, R. A., Smith, S. M., & Ward, T. B. (2002). The use of environmental clues during incubation. Creativity Research Journal, 14, 287-304.

Shah, J.J., Smith, S.M., & Vargas-Hernandez, N. (2003). Metrics for measuring ideation effectiveness. Design Studies, 24, 111-134.

Smith, S.M. (2003). The constraining effects of initial ideas. Invited chapter in P. Paulus & B. Nijstad (Ed.s) Group Creativity: Innovation Through Collaboration. Oxford University Press.

Shah, J. J., Smith, S. M., Vargas-Hernandez, N., Gerkens, R., & Wulan, M. (2003). Empirical studies of design ideation: Alignment of design experiments with lab experiments. Proceedings of the American Society for Mechanical Engineering (ASME) DTM Conference, Chicago, IL.

Kerne, A. & Smith, S. M. (2004). The information discovery framework. Proc ACM Designing Interactive Systems (DIS), 357-360.

Smith, S. M., Gerkens, D. R., Shah, J., & Vargas-Hernandez, N. (2005). Empirical studies of creative cognition in idea generation. In L. Thompson & H. Choi (Eds.) Creativity and Innovation in Organizational Teams, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.: Mahwah, NJ.

Dodds, R. A., Ward, T. B., & Smith, S. M. (2007). Incubation in problem solving and creativity. In M. A. Runco (Ed.), Creativity research handbook, Vol. 3. Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press.

Smith, S. M. (2008). Invisible Assumptions and the Unintentional Use of Knowledge and Experiences in Creative Cognition. Lewis & Clark Law Review, 12 (2), pp 509-525.

Kohn, N., & Smith, S. M. (2009). Partly vs. Completely Out of Your Mind: Effects of Incubation and Distraction on Resolving Fixation. Journal of Creative Behavior, 43 (2), pp 102-118.

Kohn, N. W., & Smith, S. M. (2010). Collaborative fixation: Effects of others’ ideas on brainstorming. Applied Cognitive Psychology, (24), 1–22. Published online in Wiley InterScience (www.interscience.wiley.com) DOI: 10.1002/acp.1699.

Smith, S. M., Linsey, J. S., & Kerne, A. (2010). Using evolved analogies to overcome creative design fixation. In T. Taura & Y. Nagai (Eds.) Design creativity 2010, Springer Press, pp 35-39.

Vargas Hernandez, N., Shah, J. J., & Smith, S. M. (2010). Understanding design ideation mechanisms through multilevel aligned empirical studies. Design Studies, doi:10.1016/j.destud.2010.04.001.

Smith, S. M., & Linsey, J. (2011). A three-pronged approach for overcoming design fixation. Journal of Creative Behavior, 45(2), 1-9.

Smith, S. M., & Ward, T. B. (2012). Cognition and the creation of ideas. In K. Holyoak & R. Morrison (Eds.) Oxford handbook of thinking and reasoning, Oxford University Press, pp 456-474.

Shah, J. J., Millsap, R. E., Woodward, J., & Smith, S. M. (2012). Applied tests of design skills - Part 1: Divergent thinking. American Society of Mechanical Engineering (ASME) Journal of Mechanical Design, 134.

Smith, S. M., Sifonis, C. M., & Angello, G. (2012). Clue insensitivity in remote associates test problem solving. Journal of Problem Solving, 28-49.