SONS OF DEWITT COLONY TEXAS
© 1997-2010, Wallace L. McKeehan, All Rights Reserved
War of Independence-Index

 

Hispanic Texian Patriots in the Struggle for Independence

Lone Star of HopeAs a proportion of the population, the active participation of Hispanic native and immigrant residents in the struggle for independence of Texas from Spain and Mexico was equal to or greater in specific battles than that of resident immigrants from the United States of the North--Don Guillermo

.....with the North Americans, they [Mexicans] have adopted their customs and habits, and one may truly say that they are not Mexicans except by birth, for they even speak Spanish with marked incorrectness.---Diarist Sanchez with the Terán inspection expedition 1828

"All Texas is greatly in debt to Bexar for the remonstrance of 19th Dec. last---That paper was reprinted here [in Mexico City] and has had more weight in favor of Texas than all that has been done or said. I doubt much whether the memorial of the Convention [of 1833] would have been even looked at had not the minds of Govt. been prepared by the Bexar representation. It came from natives and is believed."--Stephen F. Austin

"...our own countrymen, who had joined the enemy's cause, assailed us in our own language with such a volley of threats, insults, and abuse that the tongue of that vile and recreant Mexican seemed to have been wrought in the very caves of hell and set in motion by Lucifer himself. "Now you shall see," he said, "contemptible and faithless assassins, if you do not pay with your vile blood for your murders at the Alamo and La Bahia. The time has come when the just cause that we defend triumphs over you; you shall pay with your heads for the arson, robberies, and depredations that you have committed in our country," etc., etc.--Centralista Col. Pedro Delgado describing the Battle of San Jacinto

.......one of them [a captured Mexican female camp follower at San Jacinto] throwing herself into the posture of a suppliant addressed him [a Hispanic Tejano patriot in the battle] as follows; "Señor God demme no me mata por el amor de Dios y por la villa cle su madrecita! " On being answered in her own language she turned to her sister & said, "Hermanita! mira! ese señor God demme habla la lingua cristiana como nosotros!" [Mr. God damn don't kill me, for the love of God and for the life of your dear mother!---Look here sister this Mr. God damn speaks the Christian Language like us!]---Anecdote from The Lamar Papers

"....Captain (now Colonel) Juan Nepemucene Seguin, a native of Bexar and whom I have known from a boy, commanded 25 men, all natives of the same place, and performed wonders; every man signalized himself in the most distinguished manner. One of them, with a Bowie knife, killed 25 of his countrymen, and one of them, Colonel Batres, whom I knew well."--29 May 1836 letter published in The Mobile Morning Chronicle

 

 

Juan N. SeguinCompañeros de armas:   Estos restos que hemos tenido el honor de conducir en nuestros hombros son los de los valientes héroes que murieron en el Alamo. Sí mis amigos, ellos prefirieron morir mil veces a servir el yugo del tirano. Que ejemplo tan briIlante, digno de anotarse en las páginas de la historia. El genio de la libertad parece estar viendo en su elevado trono de donde con semblante halagueño nos señala diciendo: "Ahí tenéis a vuestros hermanos, Travis, Bowie, Crockett y otros varios a quienes su valor coloca en el número de mis héroes.---Yo os pido a que poniendo por testigo a los venerables restos de nuestros dignos compañeros digamos al mundo entero. Texas será libre, independiente o pereceremos con gloria en los combates---Col. Juan Seguin in his native Castillian language at the burial of the ashes of the Alamo Defenders 25 Feb 1837

Comrades in arms:  These remains which we have had the honor of carrying on our shoulders are the ones of the brave heroes who died in the Alamo. Yes, my friends, they preferred a thousand deaths rather than surrender or serve the yoke of the tyrant. What a brilliant example. Worthy indeed of being recorded in the pages of history. The genius of liberty seems to be witnessing from its high throne, from whence with praising look points out the deed saying: "Here you have your brothers, Travis, Bowie, Crockett and a few others whose valor, places them in the number of my heroes.---The worthy remains of our venerable companions bearing witness, I ask you to tell the world, Texas shall be free and independent or we shall perish with glory in battle.

Laredo de Tamaulipas Marzo 28 de 1889. Señor Dn. Hamilton P. Bee, San Antonio. Muy Señor mio y amigo Paso a contestar su grata de 9. del corriente, lo que no habia hecho antes por falta de salud.  Los restos de los que murieron en el Alamo, fueron mandados quemar por orden del Gral. Santana, y las pequeñas fracciones las mande depositar en una urna; mande abrio un sepulcro en la catedral de San Antonio, inmediato al Presviterio, esto es, frente a las de Barandillas, pero muy serca de las gradas.  Es cuanto puedo decir a V. con relacion a este negocio.  Me repito de V. su amigo y servidor.  JUAN N. SEGUIN

For specific biographies, Search Handbook of Texas Online

José AldreteJosé Maria J. CarbajalJosé  CassianoSylvestre DeLeon

Enrique EsparzaJosé Antonio MenchacaAmbrosio Rodriquez

 

From Rosters and Archival Land Bounty Records
Individuals attached to Capt. Juan Seguin's Companies at one time are indicated in red.  The garrison or major battle with which the individual is associated on rosters or land records is also indicated.  Al=Alamo; An=Anahuac; Bx=Bexar; Gol=Goliad; SJc= San Jacinto; R=Republic service after Apr 1836
Abamillo, Juan-Al
Alamedo, José-Bx
Aldrete, José Miguel-Gol, Bx
Aldrete, Trinidad-Gol
Almaguez, Eusebio-R
Amador, Juan-Gol
Arcieniega, Miguel Jr.-R

Ariola, Francisco-R
Ariola, John-R
Arocha, José María-Bx, SJc
Arocha, Juan José-Bx
Arocha, Manuel de-SJc
Arreola, Simón-SJc
Badillo, Juan Andres-Bx
Badillo, Juan Antonio-Al
Ballí, Antonio-Bx
Barbo, Juan J. E.-Bx
Barbo, Juan José-Bx
Bárcinas, Andre-SJc, R
Bazajon, A.
Benites, Antonio-R
Bernardi, Prospero
Benavides, Eugenio-Gol
Benavides, Plácido-Bx
Becerra, José María-Bx
Bergara, Anselmo-R
Berzan, Ansel M.-Bx
Bueno, Manuel-Bx, R
Bustillos, Clemente-Bx
Bustillos, José María-R
Cabasas, Albino-Bx
Cabrera, Juan María-Al
Camarillo, Pedro-R
Canstanta, A.-Gol
Cantu, Nicholas-R
Carbajal, José María Jesús
Carbajal, José Luis-R
Carbajal, Mariano-Gol, Bx
Cárdenas, Francisco-Bx
Carmona, Caesario-SJc, R
Casias, Graviel
Casillas, Grabiel
-SJc.
Casillas, Juan-Bx
Casillas, Mateo-Bx
Casillas, Pablo-Bx
Castillo, Francis-R
Castillo, Ignacio-R
Castillo, James-R
Castiñon, Luis-Bx
Cavazos, Albino-Bx
Cerda, Nemecio de la-R
Cervantes, Agapito-Bx,R

Chacón, Carlos-Bx
Chaves, Augustin-R
Chirino, José María-Bx
Cilba, Miguel-Bx
Conix, Antonio-R
Contes, Ciriaco-Bx
Contes, Julian-Bx
Contreras, Simón-R
Cormana, Cesario-SJc

Coy, Trinidad-R
Cruz y Arocha, Antonio-Bx, SJc, R
Curbier, Antonio-Bx, SJc, R
Curbier, Fernando-Bx
Curbier, Matías-Bx, SJc, R

Curvier, J.-R
DeLeon, Sylvestre-Bx
Delgado, Nicolas-R
Díaz, Domingo-Bx

Díaz, Francisco-Bx
Díaz, Julian-Bx
Díaz, Polonio-R
Duran, Blas-Bx
Enríques, Lucio-SJc, R
Escalera, Manuel-Bx, Gol
Espalier, Carlos-Gol, Al
Esparza, Gregorio-Bx, Al
Espinosa, José María-R
Espinoza, Ignacio-Bx, R
Estrada, Antonio-R
Estrada, Manuel-R
Farias, Eusebio-R
Flores, Manuel-Bx, SJc, R

Flores, Martin-SJc, R
Flores, Nepomuceno-SJc, R
Flores, Salvador-Bx, R
Franco, Miguel
Francois, Sebastian
Fuentes, Antonio-Bx, Al
Gaitan, Agapio-R
Galan, Roberto-Gol
Galban, Damacio-R
Gallardo, Manuel-Bx

Gaona, Pedro-Bx
García, Casimiro-Bx
García, Clemente-Bx
García, Francisco-Gol, Coleto
García, Guadalupe-Bx
García, Jesus-Bx
García, Simón-R
Garza, Alejandro de la-Bx
Garza, Ana María de la-Bx
Garza, Jacinto de la-R
Garza, José María de la-Bx, Gol
Garza, Marcelino de la-Bx, Gol
Garza, Paulino de la-Bx, Gol
Garza, Leandro-R
Garza, Vicente-R

Gaytón, Agapito-Bx
Gómez, Francisco-Bx
Gómez, Jesús-Bx
Gómez, Maximo-Bx
Gonzales, Simón
Gonzalez, Gabriel-Bx
Guano, Pedro-Bx
Guardo, Manuel-Bx
Guerra, Ygnacio
Guerrero, Brigido-Bx, Al
Guerrero, José María-Bx
Guerrero, Trinidad-Bx
Hernández, Antonio-Bx
Hernández, Eduardo-Bx
Hernández, Gregorio-Bx
Hernández, Manuel-R
Herrera, Blas María-Bx, Spy
Herrera, Guadalupe-Bx
Herrera, Pedro-Bx, SJc, R
Herrera, Toribio-Bx
Huizar, Carlos-Bx
Jaimes, Felipe
Jiménez, Damacio-An, Al
Jiménez, José María-Al, SJc

Jiménez, Juan-Bx
Landera, José María-R
Laso, Carlos-Bx
Lazo, Xavier-R
Lavina, José Palonia
Lerma, Cayetano-R
Lopez, Manuel-R
Losoya, José Domingo-Bx
Losoya, Toribio-Bx, Al
Maldonado, Juan-Bx, R
Maldonado, Tomás-SJc
Malona, José-SJc
Mancha, José María-Bx, SJc
Mancha, Nazario-Bx
Manchola, Rafael Antonio
Mansolo, Pablo-Bx
Martinez, Gabriel-R
Martinez, Manuel-R
Mata, Miguel-Bx, R

Menchaca, José Antonio-SJc
Miranda, Francisco-Bx
Molino, José-SJc
Montalvo, Manuel-R
Montate, Manuel-R

Mora, Estéban-Bx
Moran, Martin-Gol
Moreles, Francisco-R
Moreles, Pedro Flores-R
Nava, Andrés
-Bx, Al
Nava, Antonio-Bx
Navarro, Antonio G.-R
Navarro, José Luciano-R
Navarro, Nepomuceno-Bx

Palacios, Juan José-Bx
Padillo, José Antonio-Gol, Bx
Peña, Jc.
-SJc, R
Piñeda, José-Bx
Portilla, Francisco de la-Gol
Pru, Anselmo-Bx
Quina, James-R
Ramírez, Eduardo-Bx, SJc, R

Ramos, María Luisa-Bx
Ramos, Vicente-Bx
Rendón, José-Bx
Rios, José María-R
Rivas, Cayetano-R
Rocha, José María-SJc
Rodríguez, Ambrosio-Bx,SJc,R
Rodríguez, Francisco-R
Rodríguez, José de Jesús-Bx
Rodríguez, Juan-R
Rodríguez, Justo-Bx
Romano, Mariano-R
Rubio, Cristobal-R
Rubio, Ramón-Bx

Ruiz, Antonio-Bx,R
Ruiz, Esmerigeldo-Bx
Ruiz, Franco-R
Salinas, Nicolas-Bx
Salinas, Francisco-Bx
Salinas, Miguel (Margil)-Bx
Salinas, Pablo-Bx
Sambraño, Antonio-R
Sanches, Antonio
-R
Santos de los, Guadalupe-R

Santos, Nicolas de los-R
Seguin, Juan N
.-Bx, SJc
Silva, Manuel (Miguel)-Bx
Sombraña, Juan-R
Soto, Gregorio-R
Tárin, Manuel
-SJc
Tejado, Agapito-Bx
Travieso, Justo-Bx
Treviño, Antonio-SJc
Treviño, Ramon-R

Valdéz, Francisco-Bx
Valdéz, José María-R
Vallanceon, Juan
-R
Valta, Gaetano
Veramendi, Marcos A.-R
Villanueva, Juan
Villarreal, Esteban-Bx
Ximenes, Damacio-Al
Ybarbo, Jesus-Bx
Zepeda, Vicente-Bx
Zambrano, José-Bx
Zambrano, Juan M.
Zavala, Antonio Hernandez-R
Zavala, Jesus-R
Zavala, Lorenzo de (Jr.)-S.Jc.
Zúñiga, José-Bx

Antonio NavarroFrancisco RuizLorenzo de Zavala

Political Patriots
Other Participants: Suppliers, Scouts, Spies, Couriers
(From Diverse Archives and Accounts)
Albin, Jaimie
Arce, Juan
Cassiano, José
Castro, Ignacio
Chavez, Leandro-Bx
Cuellar, Jesus (Comanche)
De Leon, Fernando
De Zavala, Lorenzo
Escalera,  José María
Escalera, Juan
Flores, Francisco
Galan
Gonzales, Andres
Guzman, Andres
Hernandez, José María
Mendez, Gertrudis
Navarro, José Eugenio
Navarro, José Ángel
Navarro, José Antonio
Olivarri, Placido
Pantaleon
Pobedando
Portilla, Felipe Roque de la
Ramires, Nemencio
Ramon, B.
Ramon, Francisco
Reynea, Juan
Reojas
Rios, Florentin
Ruiz, Francisco
Salinas, José María
Seguin, Erasmo
Trevino
Vazquez, José Antonio
Ximenes, Juan
Zenteño/Lantero, Juan
Unidentified:
2 unknown-captured Agua Dulce
2 from Bexar-killed San Patricio
3 from Bexar-captured San Patricio
1 unknown-killed Velasco

 

Mixed Loyalties:  Served both Texas and the Centralistas
(From Diverse Archives and Accounts)
Ariola (Arreola), Leandro-R
Cobian
Carbajal, Manuel-Bx
De La Garza, Carlos
Leal, Manuel-Bx, R
Lopez, Esteban
Pereg (Perez), Antonio-R
Rios
Seguin, Juan
Vasquez, Encarnacion

 


LETTER OF GRIEVANCE ADDRESSED TO STEPHEN H. DARDEN, STATE COMPTROLLER, FROM HISPANIC TEXIAN HEROES, DATED JANUARY 12, 1875

"Sir: We the undersigned citizens of this country respectfully address you this communication to remove from your mind what seems to us an unjust impression as regards the application of certain Mexicans for pensions who participated in the Revolution which separated Texas from Mexico. We assert that the following named persons commanded companies at the taking of San Antonio in 1835. On the 20th of October 1835, Juan N. Seguin followed by thirty seven men of Mexican birth, joined on the Salado Creek according to previous appointment, the first Texan forces that gathered in order to oppose the Central Government proclaimed by Santa Anna in violation of the Federal government constitutionally existing. Placido Benavides of (La Bahia) Goliad joined on the same creek with the revolutionary troops with 26 or 28 men, so that at the Battle of Concepcion, the Mexicans who took part in that fight numbered some seventy men if we add some isolated soldiers. Directly after the Concepcion fight it was agreed between the Texian Leaders to put the siege to the city of San Antonio and to remove the camp to the Northern part of the city. But before the removal, Salvador Flores was detailed to the Mexican ranches on the San Antonio River, and Manuel Leal to the Mexican with the object of raising new forces that were very much needed; these two patriots returned soon after, Flores with 15 new men, and Manuel Leal with 26.

A conflict of authority took place at that moment between Juan N. Seguin and Placido Benavides both claiming to be Captain; it was amicably settled in favor of Seguin for the reason that he had raised more men than Benavides, but with the understanding that although Seguin was to be the Superior officer, Benavides would preserve the direct and immediate Command over the men he had brought from Goliad, and that agreement was intended to Manuel Leal and Salvador Flores; as soon as the troops reach their new camp, on the old mill, they were joined by fourteen privates of the old Company of the Alamo for the most part sons of San Antonio who deserted from Mexican forces of Gen. Cos and joined Seguin's Command with arms and baggage. There was not at that time any thing like a muster roll, or a regular register of enlistment; every volunteer who offered his services was readily accepted, and the men joined the party that suit them best, they acted with a liberty that had nothing in common with the disciplining of a regular army: generally the private followed the order of the officer who had brought them to Camp. During the stay of the troops, before San Antonio, several parties of Mexicans joined the patriots; namely, Miguel Aldrete who in company with Mayor Collensworth came from Goliad with twenty odd men; Col. J. C. Neil and Philip Dimmit who arrived also with a Mexican Company raised in Victoria and in the lower country, without counting isolated enlistment that took place every day. In fact, the company of Seguin alone amounted to over one hundred and sixty men on the day of the Storming of Bexar.

After the taking of the place, that company was sent out to protect the people of the Ranches, against the devastation made by the retiring Mexican troops. On their return they found that the Mexican volunteers of Benavides and Dimmitt had left for home, as well as the American patriots. There were not fourteen Americans in San Antonio, after the taking of the place. Col. J. C. Neil had received, first the military Command, but he was soon after superceded by B. Travis who had under his former company and that of Seguin. They continued in active service, for several months and relying on the false report that all was quiet on the Mexican borders, a large quantity of the Mexicans were authorized to retire in order to protect their families against Indian depredations. At the coming of Santa Anna, the company of Seguin had been reduced, and the arrival of the enemy being entirely unsuspected; the most part of the men received the authorization to secure the safety of their families and to join the Texians at the Alamo; it is due to that circumstance that fifteen Mexicans only entered the Alamo with Travis.

At the gathering of the Texian Army at Gonzalez, Seguin had a large Company, in fact the largest of the Army, but it was a new Company quite different from the one he had commanded at the taking of Bexar. He had above one hundred men; out of whom 25 were detached to protect the invaded population. From 15 to 20 were at the order of Deaf Smith; thirty odd were sent Eastward to escort and protect American families, three men were sick at San Felipe, about ten at least were with the baggage at Harrisburg, four or five remained behind in charge of the horses at the moment of the battle of San Jacinto., so that he mustered only twenty two men, when he was ordered to give the names of those who had actually fought.

We would respectfully remind you that we and our comrades took up arms against our own kindred and country, believing we were right, and now we feel humiliated to find that when we have testified on oath to the services rendered by us and our (own) old companions, many of whom are not only suffering from the infirmities of age but also from extreme poverty that their claims should be disregarded and forced to wait for weeks and months for their pensions, when Americans have been promptly paid upon what we consider no better evidence than our friends have furnished. We feel assured, Honored Sir, that you must have been misled or misinformed as to the parties who have applied for pensions as well as their witnesses, and we address you this communication to disabuse your mind of any prejudice you may entertained, and to assure you that we entertained for you personally the kindest feelings and only ask for our old companions simply justice and nothing more."

Signed: Juan Jimenes, Ygnacio Espinaso, Martine Maldonado, Ignacio Arocha, Tomas Martines, Narciso Leal, Juan Martines, Antonio Oliva, Estevan Uron, Manuel Montalvo, Crescencio Montes, Pablo Salinas, Quirino Garza, Nepomuceno Flores, Juan N. Seguin, Antonio Menchaca, Jose Antonio Rodriguez, Antonio Vasquez, Damaso de Los Reyes


SONS OF DEWITT COLONY TEXAS
© 1997-2010, Wallace L. McKeehan, All Rights Reserved