1997-2006, Wallace L. McKeehan, All Rights Reserved
Muster at Gonzales and Battle of Bexar

Previous page 3

Situation Report from Headquarters AUSTIN TO BOWIE AND FANNIN 1 Nov 1835
Head Quarters Novem. 1835 To Colo. James Bowie and Captn. Fannin   Your communication of this morning was received and is satisfactory in every respect to myself and all others I sent in a demand today, for a surrender Gen. Cos stated that his duty would not permit him to receive any official communication and of course. it was returned, unopened,-He is a short time after sent out Padre Garza with a flag to say to me, verbally that he had absolute orders from his Government to fortify Bexar and hold it at all hazards-that as a military man His honor and duty required obedience to these orders, that he would defend the place until lie died, if he had only ten men left with him This is all that has passed between us- I approached on this side to day within Cannon shot-they fired four at us-one shot (Ball) passed over our heads and one of grape fell in the lines but fortunately injured no one From every information the fortifications are much stronger than has been supposed and the difficulty of storming of course much greater,-The system of alarms will be kept up as much as possible night and day, and the place invested as closely as practicable- For this purpose I expect to station the Adjutant General with a competent force, at the old mill, a short distance from there I have no information yet of Travis- A report reached Camp this afternoon through a person from Bexar that an Express had just been received there, stating that Savariego had escaped from S. Felipe and had raised the Irish on the Nueces and in union with the troops at that place had attacked Goliad-It is however only a report--The enclosed papers is from a Confidential source- I had forgotten to mention that the Adjutant General made a demonstration on the otlier side with a Detachment    S. F. Austin [Rubric]

Since the within was written I have received yours of this afternoon The forces are not so unequally divided as appears at first view- Travis is constantly out on some extra duty- He is now out. I expect him to night and must then send him to escort the cannon- I wish to occupy the mill and another position- our prisoners are dayly increasing and require a strong guard.  However as equal a division will be made as is compatible with the service-we have many sick- Every thing shall be done on my part possible for the service and to keep up harmony.  Our position here is far from being a strong one- we have no bank for defense-a good position can not be found without going too far off. I submit these matters to your calm judgement  It is known that head quarters are here and the main attack will be here if any is made I have just heard from Travis he will not be back untill late tomorrow S. F. Austin

Report to Headquarters BOWIE AND FANNIN TO AUSTIN 1 Nov 1835
Camp below Bexar 5 Oclk P M 1 Novr 1835 To Genl S F. Austin Dr Sir-In accordance with your orders, we have made all the display possible, with our little small Division-Such an effect was produced, and the men being all well pleased with their situation about 800 yards below Town, that we determined to occupy it, and have in consequence brought up the Baggage etc from Concepcion, and have thrown a rough bridge across to River, and thus occupy both banks-We are resolved to hold it as long as our numbers can justify it, and it meets your approbation- We are exposed, and they must certain know our force, and may in all probability attempt to dislodge us- Should we be uninterrupted tonight, we will endeavour to strengthen the post- Will you allow us to once more, say that a more equeal division of forces [is desirable] J. W. Fannin, Jr.   James Bowie  P. S. we have recd no deserters-nor any evidence to justify the belief that any will be recd  Every thing seems to wear the appearance of resistance Should you not send to us to night, be on the look out early in the morning. J. W. Fannin Jr. As we are here in a very exposed situation much more than you are we earnestly request that you immediately send us a reinforcement the troops will not be satisfied without it

Council Decision Not to Storm Bexar COUNCIL OF WAR 2 Nov 1835
Head Quarters Novr. 2 1835 At the Council of War called on this morning, Consisting of Gent S. F. Austin, Commander in chief, Coln. Warren D C Hall Adjt. Gent. Coln. John H Moore, Lieut Coln. Burleson, Majr. WM H Jack, Coln Patrick Jack Quarter Master Gent. Majr. Somerville, Majr. Benj. W. Smith, Captn. Caldwell, Captn. Ebberly, Capn. Bennett, Captn. Swilcher, Captn. Bird Captn. Goheen, Captn. John Alley, Captn. Nail, Lieut. Aldridge., Leut. Splan, Lieut. Hassell, Lieut. Barnett, Lieut. Money, Lieut. Hunt, Lieut Perry Lieut Stapp, Lieut. Hinsley and Lieut Dickenson

The object of the call of the Council, being explained by the Commander in chief to be, to have the opinion and determination of the officers in regard to the best measures of immediate operation on the enemy, whether by closer investment simply or by, storm-after much conversation and discussion, It was proposed by Majr. W H Jack, that the question be directly put to the Council, whether a storm would or would not be expedient at the present moment-on the information, in possission of the Commander in chief in regard to the State of fortifications in Bejar being Submitted- The question was accordingly put by Commander in chief, and the same was decided in the negative by all the officers present, with the exception of Majr. Benjn.W Smith who voted substantially in the affirmative, saying that in his opinion the Town ought to be taken immediately  It was then decided unanimously by the Council, that such positions should be taken for the Army, at present it would be best secure it from the Cannon shot of the enemy and enable it at the same time to carry on offensive operations, whilst we are waiting for the larger 18 lb cannon and additional reinforcements S. F. Austin.

Report Not To Storm Bexar AUSTIN TO BOWIE AND FANNIN 2 Nov 1835
Head Quarters above Bexar Nov., 2 1835 To Colo. Bowie and Capt. Fanning, I enclose you the result of a council of War held this morning by the officers of this division-you will see that the Council has decided it is inexpedient to attempt to take Bexar by storm at present-that the army should take such a position as will enable it to harrass the enemy as much as possible, out of reach of Cannon until the 18 pound battering pieces and additional reinforcements arrive- This decision is submitted to the consideration of the officers of your division.  In addition I will add several suggestions that were made  One is to occupy the Mill by 200 men and post the balance on the river under cover of a bank above and continue the battallion below in the position it now occupies- To this it is objected, that our force is not sufficient to invest the town, so as to prevent supplies from entering and that no important object can be effected in that way, that more can be done by uniting the whole force above town and sending out parties of 50 men, every day and night to range around, drive off cattle etc. As to corn it is certain they have a large supply inside- This point is therefore also submitted to your consideration, whether or not the whole force ought to be united above town where corn is plenty and harass the enemy by keeping out beeves by means of detachments and wait until tiie battering cannon and reenforcements arrive or whether tbe army Should remain divided as it now is.

To decide this point, the only question is this; can the present force invest Bexar all around? if it can not, how can beeves be prevented from going in, except by keeping detachments constantly out? Can these Detachments be sent and kept out, at all, while the Army is divided?  I will now make a suggestion of my own for your consideration- It is this- you will take a safe position below- I will do the same above each division will be subdivided into parties of 20 or 215 men-one of these parties will leave the upper division at day light and range around on the west and sleep with you at night-a similar party will start from your division at the same time from the mouth of Salado and the missions up the Salado and sleep here at night-a similar detachement will start at night from each camp and range around in the same way until they make the circle and get back to their respective divisions- I prefer this arrangement to the other.  I shall await your answer before I come to a final conclusion.  I shall dispatch a confidential man back to bring out the 18 pound cannon and Shot, and also send Farmer to Gonzales to make round ball-but shall not do it untill I receive an answer from you to this communication- I therefore wish you to give me an answer as soon as possible.  Should you be decidedly of opinion that the whole force should be united-you can act on that decision at once, without any further order from me- Should you prefer remaining, do so, and give your opinions as to the best way of keeping out beeves S. F. Austin   300 blanket, 300pr Shoes cloths for tents are on the way out-this information was recvd. last night- The 3 cannon 1-6 pounder 2, 4 pounders will be at the cibolo to morrow night-The mill will be occupied to day   S. F. Austin

Order to Headquarters AUSTIN TO BOWIE AND FANNIN 2 Nov 1835
Head Quarters Novr 2.d 1835 To Colo. Bowie and Captn. Fanning, In accordance with the decision of a majority of your officers and my own views-you will march the Detachment under your command to this encampment either tonight or in the morning as you may choose-It may be inconvenient to march tonight after receiving this dispatch of this you will however be able to judge and can use your discretion I send you a good Guide    The Mill is at present occupied by a Detachment under Colo. Burleson      S. F. Austin    W. D. C. Hall Adjt. Genl.

Bowie Resigns BOWIE TO AUSTIN  2 Nov 1835
Camp below Bexar, Nov. 2, 1835. To Gen. S.F. Austin:  Sir.-I take the liberty to tender to you my resignition of the nominal command I hold in the army. I hope you will appoint some other person to occupy the post, more capable than myself. Very respectfully, Jas. Bowie.   N.B.-I deem it of the utmost importance for you to effect a union of the two divisions of the army as soon as practicable. Great dissatisfaction now exists in the division and unless counteracted by the measure suggested I seriously apprehend a dissolution of it. The causes which have produced this state of things will be explained when I see you, when I will also explain my motives for taking the step I have taken in reference to myself. Very respectfully, Jas Bowie. A true coppy. W. Richardson.

Report-Battle of Concepcion AUSTIN TO DIMMIT 2 Nov 1835
Head Quarters Nov. 2. 1835 One Mile above Bexar To P. Dimmit Comandant at Goliad I have the Satisfaction to inform you that on the morning of the 28 ultimo, there was an attack made by about 300 Cavalry and 100 infantry of the enemy, upon a Detachment of the Army, Commanded by Col. James Bowie and Cap Fanning near the Mission Concepcion, The enemy brought on 2 pieces of Cannon for a vigorous assault.-They were received in the best Manner-The battle lasted for some 2 or 3 hours and resulted in the retreat of the enemy with the loss as we have well ascertained of at least 50 Killed and wounded-and one piece of Cannon-Sixteen were left dead on the field, and 2 wounded-the balance were Carried off-Our men were posted along the bank of the river under good cover and sustained the loss of only one man. Rich Andrews of Mina mortally wounded and since dead In regard to future operations here, I am afraid they will be tedious and prolonged, owing to the Strength of the fortifications of this place of which we have Certain information Whether the Army Can be Kept together long enough to await the arrival of reinforcements and the necessary supply of heavy battering Cannon and Munitions I am sorry to say is somewhat uncertain- It has been almost unanimously decided by a Council of the officers that the place is too strong to be stormed by the Kind of force we have-There was from this opinion but one dissenting voice-So you see our Condition There was a rumor which came from Bexar yesterday that Savariego had escaped from S Felipe-gone to the Nueces raised the Irish there and joining them with the troops at that place had attacked Goliad- But I attach no credit to the report, as I know positively that he Savariego was in S. Felipe a week ago     S. F. Austin    P S My health has been very bad since I was at Cibolo and has not improved-quite the reverse-I am much debilitated.  S. F. A.    Your last Communications were recd giving an account of the provisions on the way, for which we are very grateful.  S. F. A.

Report of Bowie Division FANNIN TO AUSTIN 2 Nov 1835
below Bexar  At a council of the officers (held 2nd. Nov. 1835.) of the Division under command of Coln. Bowie convened by order of the commander in chief in order to take into consideration the resolutions adopted by the commander in chief and other officers under his immediate command at Head Quarters about Bexar.  Capt. J. W. Fanning was called to the chair and S. Whiting appointed Secretary-The 1st. motion whether or not the Town of Bexar should or should not be stormed was put and carried in the negative  Those who voted in he affirmative were Capt. Parott of artillary and Liut. Wren- Those who voted in the negative were Wm H. Wharton Judge advocate, Capt. Colman, Rusk, Briscoe, Fanning, Liut. Irwin, Logan, Teal, Tomlinson, York, English, Caulder, Moreland, Hardin, Foot, Bennett, Williams, Northcross and adjt. Martin   the 2nd. Resolution of the council was unanimously adopted, on motion of Capt. Rusk seconded by Wm. H. Wharton. It was resolved that this Division immediately unite with the main army above Bexar the Yeas. and Naes on this Resolution were as follows  Yeas.  Wm. H. Wharton   Rusk        Fanning         Bennett         Williams         Foot         Hardin         Moreland   English    Tomlinson Teal   Logan Wren:   Naes-Parott  Colman    Briscoe  Irwin    York  Calder  Northcross      S. Whiting    J. W. Fanning  chairman   Camp-4 oclk. P. M 2 Nov 1835 Genl Austin, I herewith enclose you the decision of the coun[c]il officers of this Division---I have ordered every thing packed up, and hold myself ready to march to you forthwith--Will you send us a Pilot, tht we may know the best approach etc.--I would prefer Capt. Lockhart--The courier reports, that the spies, informed him tha tthe Enimy has the Mills--Let us know, that we may make the best display etc and whether you prefer our marching to join you tonight In haste, I am etc.  J.W. Fannin, Jr.   [Addressed:] Genl. S.F. Austin

Head Quarters 1 1/2 miles above Bexar Nov 4. 1835 To The President of The Consultation of Texas I have heard by Mr Mosley Baker that the opinion is prevalent among the people in that part of the country that no more reinforcements are necessary and that Bexar will be taken before reinforcements can reach here- On this subject I have to assure you I am decidedly of opinion that without very strong reenforcements Bexar can not be taken nor with them without battering Cannon and from one to two hundred round shots for battering down walls The enemy has sixteen Cannon mounted of various calibre up to 18 pounds-from 6 to 8 more that will be mounted in a few days- They have plenty of provisions and about 700 men   In the last few days more than 150 men have left this camp to return home for winter clothing and other purposes, so that the effective force is only about 450 men after deducting the sick- This force, it is known to all, is but undisciplined militia and in some respects of very discordant materials- The officers from the Commander in chief down are inexperienced in military service- With such a force Bexar can not be effectually invested  All that can be, has been done- The enemy have been beaten and driven within their walls, with loss in every instance where they have made sorties- At the Concepcion they were defeated by Colo. Bowie and Capt. Fanning, with the loss of 1 Cannon and 70 men killed wounded and missing Our army has so far done wonders- It has confined a superior force within strongly fortified walls- It has beaten the enemy in every contest and not a day passes without skirmishing within the reach of the enemys grape shot.- It has struggled against all manner of privations and sufferings, against want of discipline, dessertion, disention, and what is worse than all against what has been considered coldness and tardiness in sending out reinforcements. I repeat Bexar can not be taken without 1000 men at the very least and the battering cannon of which I have spoken [The men now here?] can I think be kept here till reinforcernents arrive- Those who have left have all promised to return. It is to be hoped they will have sufficient patriotism to do so. I have authorized and do authorize the Convention to mortgage all my estate if necessary for the public service   I have dispatched the Adjutant Genl Warren D C Hall and my Aid de canip Colo. P. A. Grayson for the purpose of bringing out reinforcements-Stopping the false and silly rumors that they are unnecessary and bringing in the large Cannon with round shot and men to work them.  I have further to inform you that there is no medicine. in camp-and so far as I am informed, none on the way- There are no surgical instruments nor bandages, nor materials for making lint, nor anything else to provide for the sick and wounded.- I hope they will be sent immediately-as also that additional physicians will come out with the reenforceinents.  I have the satisfaction to inclose you a Detailed report of the Capts. of the engagements of the 28th.- The action so brilliant in its results proves our great superiority to the enemy when they come out from behind their walls- I last night received dispatches informing tne of the gallant Army of patriots who have volunteered and are volunteering from Orleans- I have ordered the Capt [at] Gollad to march here- This news is cheering and has [raised the spirits] of the army very much I have to request that no whysky be sent with supplies to the camp- Ink Paper and wafers are much wanted  S. F. Austin Comdt-in Chief By order   W D C Hall Adjt and Inspt-Genl.

AUSTIN TO CONSULTATION 5 Nov 1835.  .....the army is in good spirits--the three cannon have arrived and reenforcements of 180 men--I must say that the taking of Bexar is very difficult--my health for the last two weeks has been so bad that I have been unable to attend actively to the duties of my station.......added to a want of experience in Military operations......In the name of Almighty God send no more ardent spirits to this camp--if any is on the road turn it back or have the head knocked out.

General review and inspection  ORDERS TO BOWIE AND RUSK 5 Nov 1835
It is ordered that a General Review and Inspection of the Army at Head Quarters above San Antonio take place tomorrow morning at Sunrise.  You will therefore issue the corresponding orders to the officers under your command.  By order of the Commander in Chief Genl Stephen F. Austin   Head Quarters above San Antonio   Nov. 5th 1835   To James Bowie Adjt. Genl.     Tho. J. Rusk aide de camp  [On verso:]  Col. Jno. Moore   You will see to the execution of the within order by the officers under your command.  Heaa Quarters above San Antonio Nov. 5th, 1835    James Bowie Adjt Gen'l 

Petition against Mexicans in Camp JOHNSON ET AL TO AUSTIN 6 Nov 1835
[To S. F. Austin:] We the undersigned- assembled at this place with the hope of compelling Gen. Coss to surrender-and expecting to accomplish that result by starving him out-must Solemnly Protest against any Mexican under any pretence save those belonging to our army being permitted to gather corn-Beef or any provisions of any Sort-San Antonio November 6th 1835     F. W. Johnson Capt    J. H. Money   J. Eberly    Albert Martin  A. Somervell Majr.     P. D. Mesesser  John M Bradley Capt.    John English Capt.   Geo. M. Poe    Capt Artillery     R. B. Irvine   Parrott    W. W. Wharton    Ben R Milam  J. W. Fannin Jr   I am opposed to Mexicans entering the Camp at all    P. B. Irvine   TJ Rusk   In addition I am opposed to permission being given to them to return when once entering the army   Wm Scott.

Orders to patrol west of Bexar AUSTIN TO  BRISCO 6 Nov 1835
Head Quaters 6th Nov 1835 To Capt. Brisco.  Information has just been received that reinforcements are expected by the Enimy from the Rio Grand and Laredo roads. Also that the soldiers go out night and day towards the West and bring in Grass and beeves for the supply, of the Enemy in the fortification. Also that a mail from the Rio Grand ought to arrive some time to night or to-morrow. You will therefore proceed with all possible dispatch for the West of Bexar on the Leona as far as the Madina approaching as near Bexar as you think proper for the purpose of obtaining information as to reinforcements, intercepting regular Mails or Expresses- watching for the money that is still expected (according to information just received) which is still expected from Matamoras preventing beef, cattle, or other supplies from entering Bexar and harrassing the enimy in evry in any way possible. You will remain out to night and Until tomorrow night should you perceive any important information can be expected thereby taking care to prevent the enemy taking in Grass or other supplies during the night.   S F Austin  Commr in Chief 

Resignation of Travis TRAVIS TO AUSTIN 6 Nov 1835
Head Quarters, Novr. 6th 1835 To The Commander in Chief of The Army of Texas Sir- Believing that I can not be longer useful to the army without complaints being made, I herewith tender to your Excellency my resignation as Capt. of Cavalry W. B. Travis

Burleson elected Col. of the Brigade to replace Col. John Moore ELECTION RETURNS ca. 7 Nov 1835
[Retu]rns of the Election held by the companies Brigade Commanded by Genl. S F Austin   General Orders from Head Quarters this 1835. [This return is erroneously listed in Jenkins Papers of the Texas Revolution as that for 24 Nov 1835 at the time of Austin's departure as commander]

For Bowie For Berlison For Fannin For Wallace For Johnson
Capt. Parrott's Compy   18
"   F. Whit's do 49
"   Brisco's do     1 20
"   T Ally's do 13
"   Colevill's do 1 12
"   Johnson do 15 1
"   Travis' do 42 11 5
"   Scot 12 2
"   Goheen do 13 2 7
"   Bird's do 5 30
"   Swisher's do 46
"   Bennet do 2 10 4
"   Neill do 1 1 18
"   Coleman's do 13 1 16
"   Fannin do 33 7 10
"   Eberley's do 93 1
Wm. H. Wharton 1
Wm. T. Austin 1
351 68 83 10

Burleson Promotion AUSTIN TO BURLESON 7 Nov 1835
Head Quarters 7th Nov 1835 Col Edward Burleson You were yesterday duly elected Col Commandant of this Regiment in place of Col Moore. You will therefore take upon yourself the duties of that office immediately By order S F Austin Comdr. in Chief      Wm J Austin

Situation Report AUSTIN TO CONSULTATION 7 Nov 1835
Head Quarters Nov 7 1835. Tomorrow new positions will be taken Still nearer Bexar both above and below town, with a view to inclose the enemy as closely as possible within his fortifications Nothing material has occured since the departure of Col. W. D. C. Hall   Dr Richardson the bearer of this is a gentleman of very high moral Standing in the U.S. and would be a very active faithful and efficient agent for the convention, and I recommend for that Station and will vouch for him I know of no movement that would serve Texas so efficiently as an expedition against Matemoras or Tampico by Gen. Mexia.  My health is Still very bad and feeble for which reason I do not write more extensively.  Yrs respectfully S. F. Austin   To the President of the Consultation of Texas

Company Elections AUSTIN ORDER 7 Nov 1835
The Captains of the companies East of the Trinity are ordered to hold an Election immediately for Major for the batalion said companies will form. They will at the same time hold an election for lieut Col. of the Regiment and make returns at Head Quarters at Eleven o'clock.  By Order  S F Austin Comr. in chief.   Wm Austin Aid de Camp Head Quarters 7th Nov 1835

Uncle S.F. Austin's Troubles BRYAN TO PERRY 7 Nov 1835
1 1/2 Miles from Bexar Novr 7th. Dear Father and Mother We are here and all in tolerable health with the exception of Uncle who is still delicate. The whole army leaves to-morrow for the Mission San Jose which will be head Quarters; from that place the army will be divided into three parts or divisions one to be placed above town and another just below to be as near as possible to be out of reach of the cannon from the fort. The object is to cut off all communication with the town etc shoot their centinels etc etc until the big cannon arrives then batter down the town if they do not surrender. Some are of the opinion that they will not stand many days siege. We have near 800 men in camp    Nothing has occurred of importance since I wrote you last; except that desertion has stopped and we have got reinforcements etc. etc. and of course the army is better satisfied Uncle has had a trying time of it on account of dissatisfaction, disorganization etc etc aspiring men to deal with etc But thank God that has nearly all passed and things are going on straight. the news from the U. S. is flattering   M. A. Bryan   N B be sure to send the things Uncle sent for by Mr Grayson, and you may add to them 4 or 5 prs of socks I cloth round jacket for me and 1 pr pants for Joel as I see he will sonn want a new pr. do not forget my pot metal boots as I will soon be barefooted   I send this by some men going to Nacogdoches  M.A.B.  [Addressed:] Mr. James F. Perry Peach Point Texas to the care of Jno. R. Jones San Felipe de Austin who will please forward it

Appeal to Houston IRVINE TO HOUSTON 7 Nov 1835
In Camp above San Antonio Nov 7 1835 D Sir You will excuse me for troubling with this. Our army is in so disorganized and distracted a condition that nothing but some prompt and energetic measure of the convention can possibly prevent its entire dissolution. If you have taken any measures for supporting the army and remunerating the troops for their Services at the, close of the campaign, It would be well to remit a few reports to the army, accompanied by an address to the troops Gen Austin has resigned his command and will retire, tomorrow with the disaffected portion of the army to San Felipe; Col. Bowie will remain at the head of such as are actuated under a sperit of patriotism, for the purpose of' driving off the cattle, halling off all the corn, and burning the grass, in the vicinity of the town when they will also be compelled to retire, unless reinforced.  Consequently, it is our earnest request that the convention use all possible means for raising another army as speedily as practicable to be sent to our assistance.  This will be handed to you by Col. Jas Holman & Mr. Horatio Hanks by whom we expect to hear from you on their return  Respectfully Yours &c--R B Irvine  Genl. Sam Houston San Felipe Texas

Will Remain with Troops in Bexar AUSTIN TO PRESIDENT OF CONSULTATION 8 Nov 1835
Head Quarters Novr. 8-1835 The determination of the army as expressed today is to remain here at all hazards I shall remain with them, altho my own judgment assures me that my proper station is in the convention, and that a man of robust health could do more good as a commander than I could- It is an office that I never sought, and tryed to avoid, and wish to be relieved from if another who is more competent can be appointed- I have no ambition but to serve the country in the station where it is considered I can best serve- I believe that my worn out constitution is not adapted to a military command, neither have I ever pretended to be a military man Bexar will now be closely invested and the men shall be kept as near the place as possible   S. F. Austin    All now depends on the speedy arrival of strong reenforcements. To the President of the Consultation of Texas San Felipe [by] Dr. Richardson

Resignation of Wharton WHARTON TO AUSTIN 8 Nov 1835
Head quarters No. 8th 1835 To Genl. S F Austin  Sir I take this opportunity of tendering to you my resignation of the office of Judge Advocate. It is useless and unusual to give reasons for so doing. I will however say that from a failure to enforce general orders and from an entire disregard of the grave decisions of councils of war I am compelled to believe that no good will be atchieved by this army except by the merest accident under heaven Wm H Wharton

Order to Intercept Reinforcements AUSTIN TO FANNIN 9 Nov 1835
Head Quarters Concepcion November 9th 1835 To Cap. J W. Fannin, Information has been received from various channels- that a large number of packs with supplies of flour and other articles for the enemy in Bexar, escorted by fifty or sixty men who are also bringing on seventy or eighty convicts as recruits for the besieged, are on the road from Laredo.  It is of the greatest importance to the service that these supplies should be taken and the party destroyed or dispersed who are bringing them on, so as to prevent their reaching the enemy.  You will therefore proceed as speedily as possible with not less that one hundred nor more than 150 men with the best guides you can procure, in the two encampments, in the direction of the Laredo road to intersept the said convoy.   Your detachment will be composed of as many men of your own company as have horses able to perform the trip; of Volunteers from the Nacogdoches battallion and by a detail from Col. Burlison's command above town.  In the discharge of this duty much must be left to your own discretion. According to the information the convoy ought to reach the Atascosa, distant about thirty miles from here, to night, at or before reaching said creek it will leave the road probably on the north side and travel principally in the night through the woods and bye paths. This will render it indispensably necessary for you to keep out spies in every direction so as to find the trail and examine every road and bye way for which purpose it will be important to establish a stationed camp at some conceiled place on the Atascosa so that your spies may know where to find you. This however you will regulate according to your own judgment and circumstances.  The greatest dispatch and rapidity of movement is necessary to succeed in this matter. You will therefore loose no time.  You will have the enclosed directions delivered to the inhabitants on the Medina and Atasosa prohibiting them from taking any beeves or any other supplies to Bexar or having any communication with that place.  Travis was to have stayed at Salinas rancho on Atascosa last night. You will inquire for him and incorporate his party with yours. Since writing the above I have additional information that  the guard of the Convoy is 200, and the Convicts, 300, your force will therefore consist of 150 men.   S. F. Austin

Prediction of Texian Defeat GUERRERO TO AYUNTAMIENTO 9 Nov 1835 [J.M. Guerrero, Matamoros, to Laredo Ayuntamiento, proclamation predicting defeat of the Texians]

Rules on Discipline AUSTIN ORDER 10 Nov 1835
Head Quarters 10th Nov 1835 It is ordered that when a guard is detailed no one shall leave his post on any service or pretext whatever without leave in writing from Head Quarters. It is further ordered that the officer of the day and of the guard shall on no pretext leave their posts without orders. It is also ordered that no one leave the camp without written permission and the centinels must be particularly instructed to prevent any one passing the lines without such written permission. Any one who shall be found off his post or asleep while on his post as a centinel shall be forthwith arrested and tryed by a court martial.  Any person who shall interfere with corn brought into camp until it is divided out by the Quarter Master shall be arrested and punished as a court martial shall direct. All horses mules or any other property brought into camp shall be delivered immediately to the Quarter Master and any person appropriating horses or any other property to his own use shall be arrested and punished as a Court Martial shall direct.   This order shall be read to every Captain and all Officers are charged to see it executed.  By order   F. W. Johnson Adjt and Inspect. Genl.     S F Austin Comr in Chief

Exercito Federal de Texas  Se previene a todos los habitantes qe la causa sagrada q estamos defendiendo qe no, se fleva reces  ni otras recursos ningunos a los enemigos centralistas y militares en Bexar, y que sera presiso tratar a los qc. contraviniera esta  disposicion como enemigos de la causa de la constitucion y de la libertad-Igualmte. que cesa toda comunicacion de cualesquiera naturaleza con la plaza de Bexar-Esteban F. Austin Quartel Gral en Consepcion Noviembre 10 1835.

Report on Capt. Barragan's encounter COS TO TORNEL 11 Nov 1835
Esmo. Sr.  Despues de mi comunicacion de 2. de Nove. no ha ocurrido cosa notable de que informar a Ve. pues los sublevados se conservan acampados a las imediaciones de esta Ciudad sin haverse atrevido a atacarla. Yo pr. no creer prudente aventurar un golpe y pr. sugetarme estrictamte. a las orns qe. se me ban comunicado pr. esa Superioridad me he conservado puramte. a la defenciva, y he timitado mis operaciones a molestar el enemig cuanto es posible. Hace tres dias que el Capitn. D. Manuel Barragan con 40. dragones logro alcansar a una artida y habiendole cargado antes de darle tiempo a hechar pie a tierra y cojer el bosque, les mato tres, hirio dos y tomo siete caballos ensillados.  Tengo el honor de participarlo a VE. para que se sirva elevarlo, al Conosimto. del E. S. Presidte. de la republica.  Dios y Libertad Bejar Novieme. 11. de 1835  Mtin. Perfto. de Cos  Exmo. Sr. Ministro de la guerra y Marina Mejico.

Update on Fannin's Position AUSTIN TO TRAVIS 11 Nov 1835
(Confidential.) Head Quarters Concepcion, Nov. 11 1835 To Capt. Travis, Yesterday I dispatched Capt Fannin to cut off the reinforcement of 500 men-(300 are convicts tied)-and a quantity of flour that from accounts are now at or on this side of the Nucces. They will acording to the information leave the road at or near the Rio Frio and go north to the hills and come in above the Rio Grande Road. It is however possible they may take the lower route, cross the river beiow the Medina and try to get in in the night by going up the Salado. Every point must be watched. This reinforcement must be cut off. Fannins force is 150 men-all picked. He will inquire for you at Salinas Ranch. I wish you if possible, to communicate wiih Fannin and inform him that I recd. information last night and this morning corroborating all the accounts previously received before his departure, and that the reinforcements and Convoy are daily expected. One hundred of the enemies calvary were sent out this morning, to the Leon. They are sent out there every day for grass. This seems to confirm the opinion that the Convoy are expected from that quarter, but still they may come in below.  Yours respectfully, S.F. Austin Nov. 11 1835

On Security AUSTIN GENERAL ORDER 12 Nov 1835
For as much as the interests of the Country the success of the Campaign and the Safety and Honor of the Army require that order and discipline should be observed as far as it is possible to do so.  It is ordered that no one pass the guard lines at any time without written permission from the Commander in Chief.  It is also ordered that each company in camp be paraded at the Sound of the trumpet morning and evening, the roll called and the number present reported to the proper officer.  The Commander in Chief has no higher ambition than the interests of the Country and the Safety and honor of the Army and expects every officer in the line to use his influence and utmost exertions to preserve order and regularity and to prevent shooting without leave.  Head Quarters-Novr. 12th 1835  S.F. Austin. 

Report BURLESON TO AUSTIN 12 Nov 1835
Camp Defiance November 12th 1835 General S. F. Austin Dear Sir I received your communication of yesterday relative to the intersepting of the Convoy of Supplys anticipated coming on to the Enemy I received it two late to Starte a detachment out last night. I went and Saw Capt Fanning and he went on Last night and I have dispatched major Somerville Erly this morning with a bout Seventy men to the west on the same bisness of that of Capt. Fanning   Capt Lockhart has returned to my Camp who states that he got Sepperated from Capt Austin near the madena and has not saw hirn sense he Also States that he Saw nor heard nothing relative to the Enemy Every thing goes, on well heare as fare as I know, nothing is rong I think I shall Give General Cos a few fyers of Canon to knight   I Send your money that you mentioned to me about by mister Chance, Yours with Dew Respect     E. Burleson. Coln Comadant    [Addressed:] Gen S. F. Austin Head quarters

Appointment Fannin Inspector General HOUSTON TO FANNIN 13 Nov 1835
San Felipe 13th Nov 1835 Confidential Dear Sir, On yesterday the Convention without the expression of any wish on my part, elected me General in Chief of the forces to be raised in Texas, and commander of all those who may hereafter be called into service.  Thus situated, I take leave to offer you the appointment of Inspector General of the Army; it being within my Oft. You will please intimate your acceptance if the same should be agreeable to you. Your rank of course will be that of Colonel in the line. So soon as convenient, (should you accept the appointment) I will require you to join me, at this place, or wherever the Head Quarters of the Army may be established. But, my dear Sir, if your presence is necessary for the safety of the army in camp, or is in any wise necessary, do not abandon it! Two days since the agent started to New Orleans for artillery and means to reduce San Antonio.- When can they reach camp? Not before March next! Would it not be best to raise a nominal siege:- fall back to Labehai and Gonzales, leaving a sufficient force for the protection of the frontier (which by the bye, will not be invaded) furlough the balance of the army to comfortable homes, and when the Artillery, is in readiness, march to the combat with sufficient force and at once reduce San Antonio! The army at present without Tents and the necessary comforts for the men, I fear may produce an epidemic and destroy more than would have fallen in storming the place. Recommend the safest course! All admit that nothing can be done until the Cannon arrives, and so long as there is subsistence in the neighborhood, the enemy will command it as well as you! So that by the time they are starved out, you will have nothing to subsist the Troops or the People.

I hear our friend Col. Bowie is at the Head of the army. Bid him God speed. I am Glad of it   I congratulate him and the army. You may shew him this letter! Salute Dr. Richardson and say to him the appt of Surgeon General of the Army is for his acceptance if it will be agreeable to him!  Remember one Maxim, it is better to do well, late; than never! The army without means ought never to have passed the Guadalupe without the proper munitions of war to reduce San Antonio.- Therefore the error cannot be in falling back to an eligible position.  Sam Houston    To Capt J. W Fannin Bexar Texas  [Addressed:] To Capt. J. W. Fannin Jr. Army of the People Bexar Texas   Express Mr. H. M. Hanks

Headquarters, before Bejar, November 14, 1835 To The Consultation of Texas. I have the satisfaction to inform you that since my last, some important advantages have been gained over the enemy. Captain Travis has taken three hundred head of horses, that were sent out of Bejar to Loredo.-They are poor horses; and were taken about forty miles from this place. The enemy is closely shut up in Bejar, and more and more discouraged every day. All we need is preseverance, and re-inforcements to keep up the army. I entreat the Convention to hurry on re-inforcements with all possible dispatch, and [torn] paign will soon end. There is very little prospect that the enemy will get any aid from the interior  Respectfully your obedient servant, S. F. Austin

Orders AUSTIN TO FANNIN 14 Nov 1835
Head Quarters Concepcion Nov. 14, 1835 Cap. J. W. Fannin This will be delivered to you by D. Salvador Flores-the brother in law of Cap. Juan Seguin-Flores and his company have engaged to go on as far as beyond the Nueces to examine whether any troops are on the road, they will also burn the whole country as far as they go-I wish you to get eight or ten volunteers to go with them   This service is important, and I have told the men of this party, that should they take public horses, they can appropriate two horses or mules apiece to their own use and property  If you have heard nothing of the reenforcement I wish you to return to camp Burlesons division sent him and Wharton down yesterday with an unanimous request that the two divisions should be united at that place- The nature of this request and many circumstances renders it necessary to comply with it. This division will therefore march to the mill above town tomorrow- and you will return to that camp Some reenforcements have arrived and they will now come on in great numbers- The sooner you can return the better, provided you find that nothing can be done there   S. F. Austin  The foraging party is out from Bexar on Leon every day-about 100 men- A strange misunderstanding prevented Eberlys company from joining you [Addressed:] Capt. J. W. Fannin   Donde se halle where he may be found

Order to Join Fannin AUSTIN TO FLORES 14 Nov 1835
Don Salvador Flores:  March with your detachment to seek the detachment of Captain Fannin, which ought to be on the Atascosa or the Medina. At the ranch of Salinas or some other ranch you ought to have news of Fannin.  The object of this expedition is to discover whether it is certain that reenforcements or convoys are coming to the enemy. You will also burn off the whole country from the other side of the Nueces to the Medina on the roads from Laredo and the Rio Grande.  In case of taking public horses from the enemy you can keep two of the best for each man of your detachment as his private property, besides those which are needed for the service. Captain Fannin will give you ten men to be joined with your detachment.  Stephen F. Austin. Concepcion neighborhood, November 14, 1835

Appeal for Reinforcement AUSTIN TO HOUSTON 14 Nov 1835
Head Quarters before Bexar Nov 14/35 Dr Sir I have been dayly and anxiously expecting information from the Consultation. All goes on well here, but we must have men to supply those who have left, and the country must have organization, and that immediately. I hope that all has been done before this.  The enemy are confined to their walls, they will not & cannot hold out long. This army must be kept up and I have no doubt will be --hurry out reinforcements as fast as possible. I believe that all has been done here that could be under the circumstances and with the materials. My health has been bad, but is now much better and I shall be able to attend in person to many things. I am in much better spirits than at any time since I arrived at Salado.   Promptness and energy in the Consultation is all important, all depends upon it.   Yours respectfully  S.F. Austin  Genl. Sam Houston [Addressed:] Genl. Sam Houston San Felipe de Austin

Bexar Situation Report RUSK TO HOUSTON 14 Nov 1835
Head Quarters Before Bejar Novr 14th 1835 Dear General One letter will not be sufficient to give you a history of our proceedings since you left. We have been marching & counter marching before Bejar ever since I came here we have had near 800 men at one time but we are now reduced under six & many of them are going back. We must have aid or those of us who are unwilling to make an inglorious retreat will be cut off the enemys of the rights of man & of free government will shout victory over the Sons of free men & we shall lose the reputation which we have heretofore sustained at present we have them confined to the town a detachment of our men are above and another below. They are afraid to risk any contest out of the walls 190 of us marched up the river and took a position in point Blank shot of their six pounders. I marched a detachment of forty cavalry within 300 yards of the wall & remained there 20 minutes they were afraid to come out they fired their cannon but done us no damage all we want is two or three hundred of reinforcements battering cannon & something like organization. Much depends on you & what you do must be done quickly or it will be too late all that can be done shall be done here but you know we have no organization make one powerful appeal to the convention to aid those in the service & make the war be on all alike & whatever maybe one fate never give up the ship.  I would write you more have not time.

Next page 5

Muster at Gonzales and Battle of Bexar
1997-2006, Wallace L. McKeehan, All Rights Reserved