Alamo Survivors

The battle of the Alamo is often said to have had no survivors: that is, no adult male Anglo-Texan present on March 6, 1836, survived the attack. However, numerous other members of the garrison did escape death. At least a dozen soldiers survived the siege as couriers.

According to William P. Zuber's second-hand account, Louis "Moses" Rose survived by fleeing when Travis offered a choice of escape or death, but this story can not be substantiated. Travis' slave Joe also survived, perhaps because the Mexicans opposed slavery. Susanna Dickinson and her daughter, Angelina the only Anglo-Texan females in the fort survived despite rumors of the child's death in an attempted escape. Several Tejano women and children were likewise spared: Mrs. Horace (Juana) Alsbury and baby (adopted sister of Ursula Bowie) her sister Gertrudis Navarro (adopted sister of Ursula Bowie) Mrs. Gregorio Esparza and one son Enrique Esparza (12 yr) with three other unnamed children. Also surviving were Trinidad Saucedo who left before the final assault and Petra Gonzales. One man, Brigido Guerrero survived when he convinced Mexican officers he had been held prisoner.

In later years, there arose several questionable accounts from those who claimed to have been present and survived. Among these was Señora Candelaria Villanueva, who lived to a ripe old age of 112. She claimed to have nursed James Bowie as he lay on his cot during the seige. Until her death at the turn of the century, she made a small living recounting her version of the story and posing for tourists' photos as "a living survivor of the Alamo".
Popular tourist postcard featuring
Señora Candelaria Villanueva and
the restored Alamo chapel. ca.1900